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Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Botany (Started in 1982)
eISSN: 2320-3196
pISSN: 0970-4612
Impact Factor: 5.195 (2017)
DOI: 10.5958/2320-3196
Editor-in-Chief:  Prof. M.U. Charaya (Rtd),
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Article Details

Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Botany (Started in 1982)
Year : 2019, Volume & Issue : BPAS-Botany 38B(1), JAN-JUN 2019
Page No. : 56-62, Article Type : Original Aticle
Article DOI : 10.5958/2320-3196.2019.00007.7 (Received on 16.11.2018 Accepted on 09.04.2019)

Quantitative Analysis of Phytochemical Compounds in the Cotton (Gossypium) Seed Extracts; an Important Commercial Crop Plant

R.Chandrashekhar1, Bhavani Ram2 and N. Lakshmi Bhavani3*
Author’s Affiliation : 1,3Department of Botany, University College of Science, Saifabad, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500004, India. 2Green Evolution Laboratories Pvt. Ltd., Wangapally Village, Nalgonda, Telangana, 500085, India.

Corresponding Author : R. Chandrashekhar, Department of Botany, University College of Science, Saifabad, Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, 500004, India,
E-Mail:-[email protected]


Abstract

Almost all the parts of the plant viz., bark, root, stem and seeds are known to have various medicinal properties. The trend of using natural products has increased and the active plant extracts are frequently screened for new drug discoveries and for the presence of antimicrobials. According to the world health organization, medicinal plants would be the best source to obtain a variety of drugs. Therefore, such plants should be investigated to better understand their properties, safety and efficiency. In the present study the cotton plant was selected to determine the yield of phytochemicals quantitatively from the crude extracts of seeds. Cotton belongs to the family Malvaceae, genus Gossypium; popularly known as white gold is an important commercial crop in India. The plant has been found to possess several ethno medicinal uses. Scientific investigations have shown that cotton roots and seeds contain certain compounds that may be beneficial to the health, potentially for treating Cancer and HIV. The seed extracts were prepared by using acetone, chloroform, ethanol, ethyl acetate, methanol, petroleum ether and water. The yield of phytochemicals were calculated as weight/weight in all the seven solvents and are studied for seven phytochemical compounds. The maximum numbers of phytochemical compounds are soluble in methanol and ethyl acetate. Results revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavanoids, total phenols, tannins, saponins, terpenoids and glycosides in varying content; among the seven phytochemicals phenols are abundantly presents in cotton seed. 

Keywords

Cotton (Gossypium), Phytochemicals, Quantitative analysis, Commercial Crop Plant.
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