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Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Zoology (Started in 1982)
eISSN:2320-3188
pISSN: 0970-0765
Impact Factor: 5.395 (2017)
DOI: 10.5958/2320-3188
Editor-in-Chief:  Dr. Sushil Kumar Upadhyay
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Article Details

Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Zoology (Started in 1982)
Year : 2021, Volume & Issue : BPAS-Zoology 40A(2), JUL-DEC 2021
Page No. : 257-261, Article Type : Original Aticle
Article DOI : 10.5958/2320-3188.2021.00030.9 Article Info: Received on 04.07.2021 Accepted on 28.10.2021 Published on 15.12.2021

Association of Mild, Moderate and Severe Anemia during Pregnancy with Maternal and Foetal Outcome: A Cross Sectional Study on the Poor Pregnant Women of Ajmer City, India

*Swapana John1, Dr. Prakash Chand Sharma2
Author’s Affiliation : 1Assistant Professor, Sophia Girls College (Autonomos), Ajmer, Rajasthan 305001, India 2Associate Professor, SPC Government College, Ajmer, Rajasthan 305001, India

Corresponding Author : Swapana John, Assistant Professor, Sophia Girls College (Autonomos), Ajmer, Rajasthan 305001, India,
E-Mail:-[email protected]


Abstract

The most commonly prevalent harm that occur during pregnancy is anemia caused mainly due to nutritional deficiencies. The present study aims to study the association of mild, moderate and severe anemia with maternal and foetal outcome on the poor pregnant women of Ajmer city of India who are most vulnerable group when concerned with food. It was a cross sectional, descriptive and a questionnaire based study on the target group coming to Janana Hospital for their delivery. Around 300 patients were studied. They were bifurcated as anemic and non anemic. The maternal outcomes post-partum haemorrhage (PPH), preeclampsia and blood transfusion. Foetal outcome was assessed on the basis of their neonatal weight at birth and Apgar score at first and fifth minute.   Post delivery, it was found that there was a significant association between anemia during pregnancy and PPH; however severe anemia could be associated with blood transfusion and preeclampsia. Foetal outcomes in terms of birth weight and Apgar score were also significantly correlated with an increase in the intensity of anemia. The study suggests a strong adverse association between maternal anemia on maternal and foetal outcome among the target group.

Keywords

Anemia, Apgar score, Birth weight, Blood transfusion, Post-partum haemorrhage, Preeclampsia, Pregnant women.
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