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Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Zoology (Started in 1982)
eISSN:2320-3188
pISSN: 0970-0765
Impact Factor: 6.994 (Cosmos)
DOI: 10.5958/2320-3188
Editor-in-Chief:  Prof. Dr. Vineeta Shukla
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Article Details

Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Zoology (Started in 1982)
Year : 2022, Volume & Issue : BPAS-Zoology 41A(1), JAN-JUN 2022
Page No. : 86-100, Article Type : Original Aticle
Article DOI : 10.5958/2320-3188.2022.00012.2 Article Info: Received on 10.11.2021 Revised on 29.04.2022 Accepted on 15.05.2022 Published on 15.06.2022

Bioecology of Culicidae (Diptera: Nematocera) in North Central Algeria

*Lounaci Zohra1, Medjdoub-Bensaad Ferroudja2, Doumandji-Mitiche Bahia3, Doumandji Salaheddine4
Author’s Affiliation : 1,2Laboratoire de production, sauvegarde des espèces menacées et des récoltes. Influence des variations climatiques. Faculté des Sciences Biologiques et des Sciences Agronomiques. Université M. Mammeri, Tizi- Ouzou 15000. Algérie. E-mail: lounaci_zohra@yahoo.fr medjdoubferroudja@yahoo.fr 3,4Département de Zoologie agricole et forestière. Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique d’El Harrach, 16200 Alger, Algérie. E-mail: doumandjimitiche@yahoo.fr dmndjislhdn@yahoo.fr

Corresponding Author : Lounaci Zohra, Laboratoire de production, sauvegarde des espèces menacées et des récoltes. Influence des variations climatiques. Faculté des Sciences Biologiques et des Sciences Agronomiques. Université M. Mammeri, Tizi- Ouzou 15000. Algérie,
E-Mail:-lounaci_zohra@yahoo.fr


Abstract

The preimaginal bioecology of Culicidae was studied in north central Algeria for a year in 7 breeding sites, including 3 in Algiers, 3 in the Marais de Réghaia and 1 near the Sébaou river in Tizi-Ouzou. 13 Culicide species have been identified, including one belonging to Anophelinae and 12 to Culicinae. In the suburban Algiers region, the most abundant of which are Culiseta longiareolata, an ornithophile species with 57% of collections and Culex pipiens, antropophilic species with 39%. In the Sébaou river Culex pipiens largely dominates with 86%. The Réghaia marsh has the highest specific richness; the most abundant species are Culex impudicus with 44%, batracophile species and Culex pipiens with 28%. The spatiotemporal dynamics of Culex pipiens deposits, Culex. impudicus and Culiseta longiareolata, shows that the methods of impoundment of the sites and the variations of the physico-chemical factors of the water cause the eggs to hatch, give rhythm to the functioning of the sites and their productivity. The intensity of emergence is highest during the spring and fall season. In addition, the amplitude of the hibernation period and the speed of development of the generations are influenced by the vagaries of the sub-humid climate. This study contributes to the understanding of the bioecology of the aquatic stages of mosquitoes, a prerequisite for effective control.

Cite in this article: Lounaci Z., Medjdoub-Bensaad F., Doumandji-Mitiche B. & Doumandji S.  (2022). Bioecology of Culicidae (Diptera: Nematocera) in North Central Algeria. Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Zoology, 41A (1), 86-100.

Keywords

Culicidae, Bioecology, Physico-Chemical Parameters, El Harrach, Réghaia, Tizi-Ouzou
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