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Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Zoology (Started in 1982)
eISSN:2320-3188
pISSN: 0970-0765
Impact Factor: 6.994 (Cosmos)
DOI: 10.5958/2320-3188
Editor-in-Chief:  Prof. Dr. Vineeta Shukla
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Article Details

Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Zoology (Started in 1982)
Year : 2022, Volume & Issue : BPAS-Zoology 41A(1), JAN-JUN 2022
Page No. : 179-187, Article Type : Review Aticle
Article DOI : 10.5958/2320-3188.2022.00022.5 Article Info: Received on 09.12.2021 Revised on 15.05.2022 Accepted on 31.05.2022 Published on 15.06.2022

Microsporidian Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) in Shrimp and Its Detection Methods

*Khushbu1, Rachna Gulati2, Sushma3, Karuna Bamel4
Author’s Affiliation : 1-4Department of Zoology and Aquaculture, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (CCS HAU) Hisar, Haryana 125004, India

Corresponding Author : Khushbu Department of Zoology and Aquaculture, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (CCS HAU) Hisar, Haryana 125004, India,
E-Mail:-Khushbu181997@gmail.com


Abstract

In shrimp farming, disease is a serious concern that affects production globally. Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) was rarely found till 2009 in the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. But EHP infection became more widespread during mid-2010 in Asia and affected the most common cultured shrimp species Penaeus vannamei. Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) affects the hepatopancreas of the shrimp and causes Hepatopancreatic Microsporidiosis (HPM). HPM is a disease that delayed host growth and development. HPM is more difficult to manage than other infectious disease due to a lack of sufficient knowledge about its reservoirs and mode of transmission. This study summarized the life cycle of EHP spore and the molecular approaches used by them as an obligate intracellular parasite. It also analyzes existing and novel approaches for the diagnosis, as the majority of the present work on EHP concentrates on that area. We outline the current understanding of EHP infection and transmission dynamics, as well as currently recommended, feasible control strategies being used to restrict its harmful influence on shrimp farming. We also highlight the critical knowledge gaps that must be addressed immediately.

How to cite this article: Khushbu, Gulati R, Sushma, Bamel K.  (2022). Microsporidian Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) in Shrimp and Its Detection Methods. Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences-Zoology, 41A (1), 179-187.

Keywords

Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei, Penaeus vannamei, Hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis, Transmission dynamics
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